What is Diabetic Eye Disease, and How Does It Affect Vision?


Diabetic eye disease is a serious complication of diabetes that can affect vision and lead to vision loss if not managed properly. In Maharashtra, where diabetes prevalence is significant, it’s crucial to understand the symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment options for diabetic retinopathy or diabetic eye disease. This blog aims to provide valuable insights into this condition and highlight the services available for diabetic retinopathy treatment in Maharashtra.

Symptoms of Diabetic Eye Disease

Recognizing the symptoms of diabetic eye disease is essential for early intervention and preventing vision loss. Symptoms of diabetic eye disease include:
  • Blurred vision
  • Floaters or spots in the vision
  • Difficulty seeing at night
  • Changes in color perception
  • Vision loss or dark spots in the visual field
If you experience any of these symptoms, it’s important to seek prompt medical attention, especially if you have diabetes or are at risk for the disease.

Signs of Diabetes in Eyes

Apart from symptoms specific to diabetic eye disease, certain signs in the eyes can indicate underlying diabetes. These signs include:
  • Diabetic retinopathy: Damage to the blood vessels in the retina, characterized by hemorrhages, exudates, or neovascularization.
  • Diabetic macular edema (DME): Swelling of the macula, the central part of the retina responsible for sharp vision.
  • Cataracts: Clouding of the eye’s lens, which can cause blurry vision.
  • Glaucoma: Increased pressure within the eye, leading to optic nerve damage and peripheral vision loss.

Diagnosis for Diabetic Retinopathy:

Early diagnosis of diabetic retinopathy is crucial for preventing vision loss. In Maharashtra, leading eye hospitals like Isha Netralaya offer comprehensive diagnostic services, including:
  • Dilated eye examination: By dilating the pupils, eye doctors can examine the retina for signs of diabetic retinopathy.
  • Fundus photography: High-resolution images of the retina help in documenting and monitoring changes over time.
  • Optical coherence tomography (OCT): This imaging technique provides detailed cross-sectional images of the retina, facilitating the early detection of diabetic macular edema.
  • Fluorescein angiography: By injecting a fluorescent dye into the bloodstream, doctors can visualize blood flow in the retina and identify areas of leakage or abnormal blood vessel growth.

Treatment for Diabetic Retinopathy in Maharashtra

Maharashtra boasts state-of-the-art facilities and expertise for diabetic retinopathy treatment. Some common treatment options include:
  • Intravitreal injections: Medications injected into the eye to reduce swelling and inhibit abnormal blood vessel growth.
  • Laser photocoagulation: A procedure to seal leaking blood vessels or destroy abnormal blood vessels in the retina.
  • Vitrectomy: Surgical removal of vitreous gel from the eye to treat severe cases of diabetic retinopathy.

Hospital for Diabetic Eye Disease in Maharashtra

For individuals seeking specialized care for diabetic eye disease in Maharashtra, renowned eye hospitals like Isha Netralaya offer advanced services, including modern and precise diagnostics, personalized treatment plans, and expert ophthalmologists dedicated to preserving vision and enhancing quality of life.

Why at Isha Netralaya

  • We have an experienced doctor team who have dealt with this disease and have treated many patients successfully. 
  • We have advanced diagnostics instruments for diagnosing and monitoring the diabetic retinopathy disease. These include OCTA (dry less angiography) and optos widefield fundus camera. 
  • For lasers and surgery, we have top-end US-FDA-approved machines from Alcon and Zeiss companies.
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