Treatment for Cataract

As cataract progresses, it affects a person’s ability to do daily tasks. Surgery is the best and the only option that is available. Cataract surgery involves removing the opaque lens of the eye and replacing it with a transparent artificial lens.

Normally in cataract surgery, two approaches are considered:

Micro-incision cataract surgery: It involves making an incision at the side of the cornea (the clear outer covering of the eye) and inserting a tiny probe into the eye. The probe emits ultrasound waves that soften and break up the lens so it can be suctioned out. This process is called phaco-emulsification. The natural lens is replaced by a clear plastic lens called an intraocular lens (IOL).

Post-operative care after cataract surgery:

You will be permitted to go home within two hours after cataract surgery. The procedure to use eye drops are explained to you during the discharge time.

  • There is no diet restriction.
  • Playing with children is to be avoided for a few days to avoid any kind of eye injury.
  • Do not rub the eye with hand or handkerchiefs. Use only tissues which can be used and thrown away so as to avoid infections.
  • Head bath is permitted after 3 days of surgery.
  • In order to keep the eyes clean after surgery, one should wipe softly with cotton dipped in lukewarm water.
  • Hands should be washed with soap before putting the eye drops.
  • All activities at home are allowed after 2 days, including reading, writing, watching TV etc. Cooking and taking an evening walk in crowded areas should be avoided for a week.