As cataract progresses, it affects a person’s ability to do daily tasks. Surgery is the best and the only option that is available. Cataract surgery involves removing the opaque lens of the eye and replacing it with a transparent artificial lens.
Normally in cataract surgery, two approaches are considered:
Micro-incision cataract surgery:
It involves making an incision at the side of the cornea (the clear outer covering of the eye) and inserting a tiny probe into the eye. The probe emits ultrasound waves that soften and break up the lens so it can be suctioned out. This process is called phaco-emulsification.
The natural lens is replaced by a clear plastic lens called an intraocular lens (IOL).
Post-operative care after cataract surgery:
You will be permitted to go home within two hours after cataract surgery. The procedure to use eye drops are explained to you during the discharge time.
There is no diet restriction.
Playing with children is to be avoided for a few days to avoid any kind of eye injury.
Do not rub the eye with hand or handkerchiefs. Use only tissues which can be used and thrown away so as to avoid infections.
Head bath is permitted after 3 days of surgery.
In order to keep the eyes clean after surgery, one should wipe softly with cotton dipped in lukewarm water.
Hands should be washed with soap before putting the eye drops.
All activities at home are allowed after 2 days, including reading, writing, watching TV etc. Cooking and taking an evening walk in crowded areas should be avoided for a week.